Ingredient Substitutions

Ingredient  
Amount  
 Substitutions
Baking powder
1 teaspoon 
¼ teaspoon baking soda plus 5/8 teaspoon cream of tartar,
or ¼ teaspoon baking soda plus ½ cup sour milk, or buttermilk (if using sour milk or buttermilk, decrease liquid called
for in recipe by ½ cup)
Beef or chicken broth


1 (14½ oz.) can
2 teaspoons instant beef or chicken bouillon granules with
water to equal amount of broth specified

Bouillon cube
1
1 tablespoon soy sauce

Dry bread crumbs
¼ cup
¼ cup cracker crumbs, corn meal or 1 cup soft bread crumbs
Butter
1 cup
7/8 to 1 cup shortening plus ½ teaspoon salt, or 1 cup
margarine

Catsup or chili sauce
1 cup
1 cup tomato sauce plus ½ cup sugar and 2 tablespoons
vinegar (for use in cooking only)

Corn syrup
1 cup
1 cup sugar plus ¼ cup liquid (use the type of liquid that is
called for in the recipe)

Cornstarch
1 tablespoon
2 tablespoons all-purpose
flour, or 2 tablespoons
quick-cook tapioca

Egg (cake batter only)
1
2 tablespoons mayonnaise
Flour, all-purpose
1 tablespoon
½ tablespoon cornstarch or quick-cooking tapioca (for
thickening)

Flour, all-purpose
1 cup sifted
1 cup plus 2 tablespoons sifted cake flour or 1 cup unsifted
all-purpose flour minus 2 tablespoons

Flour, cake
1 cup sifted
1 cup minus 2 tablespoons sifted all-purpose flour
Garlic
1 clove
small 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder
Gelatin, flavoured
3 ounce package,
a tablespoon plain gelatin plus 2 cups fruit (prepared with water) juice
Herbs, fresh
1 tablespoon
1 teaspoon dried herbs
Honey
1 cup
1½ cups sugar plus ¼ cup liquid (use liquid called for in recipe)
Lemon
1 medium
2-3 tablespoons juice and 1-2 teaspoons rind
Lemon juice
1 teaspoon
½ teaspoon vinegar (for use as acid source in cooking only)
Milk, buttermilk
1 cup
1 cup yogurt or 1 cup sour milk (make sour milk by putting 1 tablespoon of vinegar or lemon juice in a measuring cup and add milk to 1 cup mark)
Milk,
Milk, whole
1 cup
½ cup evaporated milk plus ½ cup water
Milk, skim
1 cup
5 tablespoons nonfat dry milk and 1 cup water
Onion, fresh
1 small
1 tablespoon dry minced onion, rehydrated
Prepared mustard
1 tablespoon
1 teaspoon dried mustard
Parsley, dried
1 teaspoon
3 teaspoons chopped fresh parsley
Shortening, melted
1 cup
1 cup vegetable oil
Sour cream
1 cup
1 cup yogurt
Sugar, white
1 cup
1 cup corn syrup minus ¼ cup liquid in recipe, or 1 cup brown sugar (firmly packed), or 1 cup honey (reduce liquid in recipe by ¼ cup), or 1¾ cup confectioners (powdered) sugar (packed)
Tomato juice
1 cup
½ cup tomato sauce plus ½ cup water
Tomato sauce
1 (15 oz. can)
1 (6 oz. can) tomato paste and 1 cup water
Tomatoes
1(16 oz. Can)
3 fresh medium tomatoes, cut up
Yogurt
1 cup
1 cup buttermilk or sour milk (make sour milk by putting 1 tablespoon vinegar or lemon juice in a measuring cup and add milk to 1 cup mark)

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